864 The Edict of Pistres of Charles the Bald
ordered defensive measures against the Vikings.
1215 Frederick II, called
Stupor Munci (The Amazement of the World), was crowned Holy Roman Emperor at
1261 The city of Constantinople was recaptured by Nicaean
forces under the command of Alexios Strategopoulos, re-establishing the Byzantine
1394: King James I of Scotland
was born. He became heir to the throne upon the murder of his brother
Robert. He himself would be assassinated in 1437.
1603 James VI of Scotland was
crowned as king of England (James I of England), uniting the Kingdom of England
and Kingdom of Scotland into personal union. Political union would occur in