49 BC, the city of Paris, France was founded by the Parisii, a
Celtic tribe of fishermen.
810 Pepin, son of Charlemagne, King of Italy, died.
975 Edgar, considered the first King of a united England, reigning over Mercia,
Northumbria and Wessex, died.
1099 First Crusade: 15,000 starving Christian
soldiers marched in a religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim
defenders watched. The Crusaders were ultimately victorious in taking the city.
1249 Alexander II, King of Scotland died.