54 BC Julius Caesar's second invasion Britain begins as he lands his troops, probably near Deal, Kent.
1124 Tyre (city
in Lebanon) surrendered to the Crusaders.
1307 King Edward I of England died at age 68 on his way to subdue the
new Scottish king, Robert Bruce.
1456 A retrial verdict acquitted Joan of Arc
of heresy 25 years after her death.
1550 Chocolate was introduced.
1575 Raid of
the Redeswire, the last major battle between England and Scotland. The Scots
proved victorious. The story of the skirmish was turned into a Border ballad.
1607 “God Save the King" was sung for the first time.