259 Dionysius was elected as bishop of
Rome, succeeding Sixtus II.
838 Battle of Anzen: the Byzantine emperor
Theophilos suffered a heavy defeat by the Abbasid Caliphate.
Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon was elected the first Defender of the Holy
Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
1298 Wars of Scottish Independence:
Battle of Falkirk – King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeated
William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town of Falkirk.
Battle of Lochmaben Fair A 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke
of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas were defeated by Scots forces
loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas was captured.