48 BC Battle of Dyrrhachium: Julius Caesar barely avoided a
catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
138 Emperor Hadrian died of heart
failure at Baiae at age 62; he was buried in Rome in the Tomb of Hadrian beside
his late wife, Vibia Sabina.
988 The city of Dublin was founded on the banks of
the river Liffey.
1040 Lady Godiva rode naked on horseback to force her
husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes.
1086 Knut IV, the Saint, King of
Denmark was murdered.
1099 El Cid, of Castile died.
1212 The most severe of
several early fires of London burned most of the city to the ground.
James III of Scotland was born. 1
460 - Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeated
King Henry VI at Northampton.
1520 King Charles V & King Henry VIII signed
treaty of Calais.