49 BC Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio was
defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under
Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio committed suicide to avoid
79 Mount Vesuvius erupted. The cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and
Stabiae were buried in volcanic ash Pliny the Elder died of asphyxiation at age
56 while witnessing the scene from the coast.
410 Alaric, leader of the
Visigoths, sacked Rome, but spared its churches. This was first hostile
occupation of the city since the fourth century BC.
1113 Geoffrey Plantagenet,
Count of Anjou and ancestor of the Plantagenet kings of England was born.
King John of England, signee of the first Magna Carta, married Isabella of
Angouleme in Bordeaux Cathedral.