509 BC The temple of Jupiter on Rome's Capitoline Hill was dedicated on the
ides of September.
53 Trajan, Emperor of Rome 98-117, was born.
Roman Emperor Constans II was assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
Constans was the last emperor to become consul in 642, becoming the last Roman
consul in history.
1159 Alexander III was crowned Roman Catholic pope. He is
noted for laying the foundation stone for the Notre Dame de Paris.
Wolsey was appointed archbishop of York, the second most important seat in
England. His failure to obtain an annulment of Henry VIII's marriage to
Catherine of Aragon led to his downfall. He built Hampton Court Palace, which Henry
VIII coveted and acquired, and was one of Henry's favorite residences.