On October 16
456 Magister militum (Master of the Soldiers) Flavius Ricimer
defeated Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and became master of the Western Roman
Empire. Ricimer was the first German who became a virtual king of Italy.
Edward Seymour Duke of Somerset and Lord Protector of England during the
minority reign of Edward VI was re-arrested. He was executed for felony in
January 1552 after scheming to overthrow John Dudley's (Earl of Warwick)
1555 The Protestant martyrs Bishop Hugh Latimer and Bishop Nicholas
Ridley were burned at the stake for heresy in England.
1793 Queen Marie
Antoinette was beheaded during the French Revolution.