202 BC, the Romans under Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal's army of
Carthaginians and Numidians in the Battle of Sama in the Second Punic War.
Gaiseric, King of the Vandals, seized the Roman city of Carthage, and made it
1216 King John of England died at Newark-on-Trent and was
succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
1453 The French recapture of Bordeaux
brought the Hundred Years' War to a close, with the English retaining only
Calais on French soil.
1469 Ferdinand of Aragon married Isabella of Castile
creating the alliance that unified Spain.