1187 Sultan Saladin,
captured Jerusalem which brought about the Third Crusade.
1263 The Battle of
Largs was fought between Norwegians and Scots. It was the most important
military engagement of the Scottish-Norwegian War. The Norwegian forces were
led by King Håkon Håkonsson and the Scottish forces by King Alexander III. The
result was inconclusive, but in the long term favored the Scots.
Urban IV died. His brief pontificate was largely occupied with his attempts to
restore papal power in Italy.