1095 On the last day
of the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appointed Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy
and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade to the Holy Land.
1291 Edward I's wife, Eleanor of Castile, died.
1503 Julius II was officially
crowned pope. Born Giuliano Della Rovere, Julius was the nephew of Pope Sixtus
IV, who built the Sistine Chapel. Although his relationship to Sixtus helped
his early career, he was forced to flee Italy to avoid assassination attempts
ordered by Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI), and stayed in exile for ten
years before Borgia's death made it possible for him to return.