1016 Cnut, king of
Denmark, claimed the throne of all England after Edmund 'Ironside', king of
1406 Gregory XII became Pope. Gregory was the last of the Roman
line of popes during the Western Schism.
1630 16,000 inhabitants of Venice died
this month of plague.
1700 at the
Battle of Narva, a Swedish army of 8,500 men under Charles XII defeated a much
larger Russian army.
1718 Swedish king Charles XII died during a siege
of the fortress Fredriksten in Norway.