536 Byzantine General Belisarius conquered Rome, which had been occupied by
the Ostrogoths, claiming Italy for the Byzantine empire.
1165 King Malcolm IV
of Scotland died; his short reign was marked by rebellion and tension with his
cousin Henry II of England.
1425 The Catholic University of Leuven, the
largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium was founded by John
IV, Duke of Brabant and approved by a Papal bull by Pope Martin V.