882 Marinus I was elected
Roman Catholic pope, replacing the murdered John VIII.
955 Ottaviano (age 18),
the only son of Duke Alberic II of Spoleto, who ruled Rome, became Pope John
XII when his father ordered his election. John's pontificate lasted nine years.
431 Henry VI of England was crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris.
Though young Henry had been proclaimed king at age ten months, it was not until
he was ten years old that he was officially crowned at Notre Dame Cathedral.
1485 Catherine of Aragon, Spanish princess and first wife of Henry VIII was
1631 Mount Vesuvius, Italy erupted, destroying 6 villages & killing
1653 Parliamentarian general Oliver Cromwell became lord protector of
England, Scotland and Ireland.