63 BC Marcus Tullius Cicero,
the consul of Rome, read the last of his Catiline Orations, exposing to the
Roman Senate the plot of Lucius Sergius Catilina and his allies to overthrow
the Roman government.
1349 Five hundred Jews of Nuremberg were massacred during
Black Death riots.
1360 The French Franc was created.
1456 Earthquake struck
Naples and about 35,000 died.
1484 Pope Innocent VIII issued the Summis
desiderantes, a papal bull that deputized Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger as
inquisitors to root out alleged witchcraft in Germany and lead to one of the most
oppressive witch hunts in European history.
1536 The Pilgrimage of Grace
against Henry VIII's Reformation was persuaded to disband by the duke of