1131 King Valdemar I of Denmark was born. In addition to winning
independence from the Holy Roman Empire, he also gained the approval of the
church for the dynastic rule of his family, the Valdemars.
1236 Henry III of
England married Eleonora of Provence.
1501 Martin Luther (age 17) entered the
University of Erfurt (founded in 1379, it was the first university in modern
day Germany, and for some time was the largest university in the country).