211 Roman emperor Septimius Severus died at York while campaigning to subdue
northern Britain, leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome
sons, Caracalla and Geta.
1194 King Richard I of England was freed by Henry VI,
Holy Roman Emperor, after being ransomed. Richard did return to England but
soon set sail for France where he died five years later.
1586 Robert Dudley,
earl of Leicester, became governor of Neth (Netherlands).