538 Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ended his siege of Rome and retreated
to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general,
604 Pope Gregory I died. Saint Gregory was the foremost influence
in shaping the medieval papacy, and also reformed the mass, which enabled the
development of the Gregorian Chant.
1507 Cesare Borgia was killed
while fighting for the Navarrese king in the city of Viana, Spain.