47 BC, Julius Caesar defeated Ptolemy XII, Cleopatra's brother and rival,
at Alexandria, Egypt, thus restoring Cleopatra to the throne.
717 Battle of Vincy
between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid who returned defeated to Neustria. Instead of following the army
immediately, Charles again used tactics
he would use all his remaining life, in a career of absolute success. He took
time to rally more men and prepare, before descending in full force. He chose
where to provoke them to battle, and, at a place and time of his choosing, in
Spring 717, Charles eventually followed them and dealt them a serious blow at
Vincy on 21 March. He chased the fleeing king and mayor to Paris.
Annulment of the marriage of King Louis VII of France and Queen Eleanor of
Aquitaine. Eleanor retained control of Aquitaine and shortly thereafter wed
Henry Plantagenet, who would become the next king of England.