the western Roman Empire founded by Augustus in 27 BC ended at Ravenna, where
Emperor Romulus Augustulus was deposed by the barbarian leader Odoacer
1189 Third Crusade: the
Crusaders began the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan.
1296 After the Scots
were defeated at the Battle of Dunbar, Edward I had the Scottish land owners,
churchmen and burgesses swear their allegiance by signing the The Ragman Rolls.