338 BC A Macedonian army led by Philip
II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of
Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
216 BC Second
Punic War: Battle of Cannae – The Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal and his
elephants defeated a numerically superior Roman army under command of consuls
Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro, killing 60,000.
47 BC Julius
Caesar said "veni, vidi, vici" (I came, I
saw, I conquered) after defeating Pharnaces, King of Pontus (northeast Turkey).