732 Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, the leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeated a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, was killed during the battle
1521 Pope Leo X granted Henry VIII the title Defender of the Faith for a tract defending Catholicism.
1542 Thomas Wyatt died. The English lyrical poet is credited with introducing the sonnet into English.