69 Roman Emperor Vitellius was
killed in a street battle in Rome by soldiers of Vespasian, who succeeded
Vitellius as emperor.
1135 Norman nobles recognize Stefanus van Blois (Stephen,
grandson of William the Conqueror) as English king. His reign was plagued with
civil war with his cousin the Empress Matilda whose son Henry II succeeded him
upon his death.
1216 the Dominican order was formally sanctioned. Founded by
St. Dominic, the Dominican order of mendicant friars emphasized scholarship as
well as preaching. The organization received official sanction from Pope