973 Henry II (the Saint), the fifth and last Holy
Roman Emperor of the Ottonian dynasty, was born.
1527 Spanish and German troops
sacked Rome, ending the Renaissance. 147 Swiss Guards, including their
commander, died fighting the forces of Charles V in order to allow Pope Clement
VII to escape into Castel Sant'Angelo.
1536 King Henry VIII ordered English
language Bibles to be placed in every church.