48 BC Pompey the Great was murdered on the
orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt.
351 Battle of Mursa Major: the Roman Emperor
Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius in one of the bloodiest battles
in Roman military history. 365 Roman usurper Procopius proclaimed himself Roman
855 The Emperor Lothar died in Gaul (present day France, Luxembourg
and Belgium, most of Switzerland, the western part of Northern Italy, as well
as parts of the Netherlands and Germany on the left bank of the Rhine), and his
kingdom was divided between his three sons.
1066 William the Conqueror and his
Norman army arrived in England, landing at Pevensey, beginning the Norman
1106 The Battle of Tinchebrai: Henry I of England defeated his
brother, Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy. Henry's knights won a decisive
victory, capturing Robert and imprisoning him in England and then Wales until
Robert's death in Cardiff Castle. England and Normandy remained under a single
ruler until 1204.
1322 Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeated Frederick I of
Austria in the Battle of Mühldorf.