771 Austrasian King Carloman died, leaving his brother Charlemagne sole ruler of the Frankish empire.
1093 Anselm of Canterbury was consecrated as Archbishop.
1110 First Crusade: The Crusaders sacked the Syria harbor city Saida (Sidon).
1154 Nicholas Breakspear was elected Pope Hadrian IV, the only Englishman to become pope.
1259 Kings Louis IX of France and Henry III of England agreed to the Treaty of Paris, in which Henry renounced his claims to French-controlled territory on continental Europe (including Normandy) in exchange for Louis withdrawing his support for English rebels.
1563 The final session of the Council of Trent was held (it opened on December 13, 1545).