44 BC, Mark Antony offered Julius Caesar the diadem of royalty which he
670 Oswy, King of Bernicia and subordinate to
King Penda of Mercia for 13 years died. When Penda invaded Bernicia, he was killed
by Oswy's forces. Oswy then united all of Northumbria, which he ruled from 655
until his death.
1113 Knights Hospitaller was formally named and recognized.
The Hospitallers were founded to care for sick pilgrims in Jerusalem. The order evolved throughout the Crusades and
still exists today.