May 14,964 Pope John XII died. John was the son of the ruler of Rome, Duke Alberic, and was made Pope when he was about 18. He crowned Otto I Holy Roman Emperor, then broke with him after Otto issued orders that the pope take an oath of obedience to him. The emperor replaced John with Leo VIII, who was in turn deposed by John.
Shortly thereafter, Pope John died in the arms of his mistress. He was not yet 30. 1264: Henry III captured at Battle of Lewes.In a revolt prompted by Henry's refusal to implement the Provisions of Oxford, Henry was captured by Simon de Montfort in this battle in Sussex and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.1572: Gregory XIII elected pope. Gregory is best known for his calendar reform, but he also promoted Church reform and the Counter Reformation.